None known. Separate from Bezhta [kap] (1989 B. Comrie) but reportedly very similar to it.
27 consonants, 16 vowels, word stress generally linked to prefinal vowel; 5 noun classes; agreement between nouns and coreferent adjectives, pronouns, verbs, and adverbs marked by prefixes; nominative-ergative system; demonstratives.
Avar [ava] and Russian [rus] are used in school and for wider communication (Salminen 2007). Home. Few child speakers. Positive attitudes. Also use Avar [ava], Bezhta [kap], Russian [rus].
No literacy in Hunzib. Avar [ava] is literary language. Dictionary. Grammar.