Gadyri (Gachitl-Kvankhi), Gakvari (Agvali-Richaganik-Tsumada-Urukh), Gigatl (Hihatl), Tsumada, Kwenkhi. Dialects quite distinct. Gigatl (Hihatl) and Chamalal proper (with Gadyri, Gakvari, Tsumada and Kwenkhi dialects) are considered to be sublanguages.
Avar [ava] and Russian [rus] used in school (Salminen 2007). Home. Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus]. Also use Avar [ava]. Avar is literary language.